Lord Swaraj Paul Biography
Birth: 18 February 1931
Scope of work: British industrialist and politician of Indian origin, founder of Kaparo Group
Swaraj Paul (Baron Paul) is a British industrialist, philanthropist and Labor politician of Indian origin. In 1996, he became a member of the ‘House of Lords’ on the Labor Party ticket and assumed the title of Baron Paul. In December 2008, he was elected the Deputy Speaker of the ‘House of Lords’ and in October 2009 he was elected to the Privy Council. He is considered close to former Prime Minister of England Gordon Brown and his estranged wife Sarah. He had to resign as the Deputy Speaker of the House of Lords on 1 November 2010 in the context of the United Kingdom Parliamentary expenditure scandal.
Lord Swaraj Paul Biography, early life
Lord Swaraj Paul was born on 18 February 1931 in Jalandhar city of Punjab. His father ran a small foundry where buckets and agricultural implements were manufactured. He got his early education from Forman Christian College, Lahore, after which he also studied at Doaba College, Jalandhar. He then studied B.Sc, M.Sc and engineering from the famous Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) of America.
Lord Swaraj Paul Biography, Career
After leaving Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), he worked in his family company ‘APJ-Surendra Group’ in India. The company was founded by his father and was operated by Swaraj Paul’s two elder brothers – Satya Paul and Jeet Paul at the time.
In 1966, he went to the United Kingdom for the treatment of his daughter. His daughter was suffering from leukemia and died of the same disease. It took him almost a year to recover from his daughter’s death and after that he set up ‘Natural Gas Tubes’. Subsequently, they acquired several steel units one after the other.
In 1968, he founded the Caparo Group. The Caparo Group is currently one of the leading steel products manufacturers in the United Kingdom. Kaparo Group produces steel tubes as well as merchant bars and structurals. Apart from this, they also make steel products used in other industries. Kaparo Group provides employment to about 10,000 people in North America, Europe, India and Middle East etc.
Lord Paul disassociated himself from the management of the company in 1996 and his youngest son, Angad Group was made Chief Executive Officer (CEO).
His name also appears on the Sunday Times rich list. In 2015, the Sunday Times considered him the 38th richest person in Britain. They do drugs that like other common people, they also use public transport in London. Since the 1960s, they have lived in Portland Place, central London. He and his family members own nearly a dozen houses in this block. The cost of each of these houses is about 10 lakhs British Pund considered caste. He also has a country estate spread over 250 acres in Beaconsfield (Buckinghamshire).
Lord Swaraj Paul has held many important public positions. He held the post of Pro-Chancellor (1998) and its Governor (1992–97) of Thames Valley University. Since 1998, he has been Chancellor of the University of Wolverhampton and the University of Westminster, with his family trust contributing around £ 300,000. He also generously donated to the ‘University of Wolverhampton’ through the ‘Ambika Paul Foundation’ and also incurred the renovation of its ‘Students Union Center’. After the renovation, it was renamed as ‘The Ambica Paul Students Union Center’.
Lord Paul has been a member of the UK Foreign Policy Center Advisory Council and MIT’s Mechanical Engineering Visiting Committee. He was chairman of the London Olympic Delivery Committee and also contested for the chairmanship of the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association (CPA).
Swaraj Paul was the first person of Indian descent to be appointed vice-president of the House of Lords. He is one of the twelve people to hold this position. He was then sworn in as the Privy Council on 15 October 2009.
Through the Ambica Paul Foundation, Lord Paul also benefits from Caparo in charitable efforts. He is an honorary patron of the Zoological Society of London and has also funded major projects at the Regent’s Park site, including a children’s zoo.
He was the co-chair of the Indo-British Roundtable from 2000-2005. Lord Paul was also a member of the Panel 2000 which was formed by the British Prime Minister for the re-branding of Britain.
He is a strong supporter of former British Prime Minister Gordon Brown and has also donated £ 500,000 to the Labor Party.
Lord Paul played a key role in the London Olympics 2012 from bidding to organizing. In 2005, he went to Singapore with a team that favored London’s bid, where the team succeeded in persuading the International Olympic Committee to claim London.
Awards and honors
Lord Swaraj Paul has received several awards and accolades including honorary honors from universities in the United Kingdom, the United States, India, Russia and Switzerland.
- In 1983, the Government of India honored him with the Padma Bhushan.
- Indian Merchants’ Chamber honored him with ‘Bharat Gaurav’
- Freedom of the City of London in 1998
- ‘Lifetime Achievement Award’ at the 2008 Asian Business Awards
- In the year 295, America’s Society of Manufacturing Engineers gave him the ‘Donald C. Burneham Manufacturing Award’
- He was voted ‘First Asian of the Year’ in Asian Who’s Who in 1987.
- In 2008, Asian Women magazine gave him the ‘Lifetime Achievement Award’
- In 2011, ‘Powerbrands Hall of Fame’ nominated him for ‘Global Indian of the Year’.
- He was awarded the Corporate Leadership Award by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1989.
- In November 2013, ‘India Link International’ magazine selected him as ‘International Indian of the Decade’
- He was given the ‘Lifetime Achievement Award’ by the Black Country Asian Business Association
- The Global Skill Tari Consortium gave him the ‘Lifetime Achievement Award’ in 2014
- In July 2014, ‘World Consulting Research Corporation’ gave him ‘International Icon of the Decade Award’
Lord Swaraj Paul’s name came up in Britain’s ‘MP expenditure scandal’. Under this, MPs had wrongly claimed allowances. The MP expenditure scandal led to the payment of the claim amount to several other MPs, including then Prime Minister Garden Brown and Conservative leader David Cameron.
The Committee on Privileges and Ethics of the House of Lords investigated the matter and concluded that: “Lord Paul did not act disrespectfully or maliciously, however, his actions were grossly unfair and he displayed negligence and neglect. did. So they should be punished by the house ”.
On 1 November 2010, Lord Swaraj Paul resigned as the Deputy Speaker of the ‘House of Lords’.
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